Although the 19th Amendment declared that the right to vote cannot be denied on the basis of sex, it did not guarantee voting access. Citizenship laws, poll taxes, threats, and violence barred African American, Latina, Native American, Asian American, immigrant, and poor women.
An exhibition of the SmithsonianNational Portrait Gallery, Votes for Women: A Portrait of Persistence featured more than 120 portraits and objects spanning 1832 to 1965 that explore the American suffrage movement. Leading up to the centennial of the 19th Amendment, this exhibition seeks to tell a more complete story of the movement through portraits of women who represent different races, ages, and fields of endeavor.
August 18, 2020, marks the 100th anniversary of the ratification of the 19th Amendment, which granted voting rights to women in America. The passage of the 19th Amendment was not brought about by a singular event, individual, or group.
SMASH, the signature education program of the Kapor Center, empowers dedicated students of color with an intensive science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) education, culturally relevant coursework, and access to resources and social capital that allow them to be successful in college and their careers.